Types Of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

STDs

In this article, we’ll discuss various types of STDs and some common symptoms.

Overview

People still are not fully aware of different sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Since sex is a necessity in human life. People need to be aware of the risk of sexually transmitted diseases to be on the safer side. You also need to be aware of the different symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases to be able to take the right steps.

Here we have explained everything you need to know regarding sexually transmitted diseases. We have also listed out a few common STDs for your reference:

Symptoms Of STDs

The symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases may show up differently in men and women. That is why we have provided a list of the common symptoms for STDs observed in men and in women for your reference.

Symptoms in Women:

  • Some women may observe unusual discharge or bleeding from the vagina when they have STDs.
  • Women may also experience discomfort or pain during urination or during sexual intercourse if they have certain types of STDs.
  • Itchiness in and around the vagina could be yet another symptom of STDs in women.
  • Some of the other noticeable symptoms are sores, bumps, or rashes near the private parts like vagina, anus and buttocks.

Symptoms in Men:

  • Men may encounter unusual discharge from the penis or the testicles when they are suffering from STDs.
  • Men could also encounter pain or discomfort during urination or sexual intercourse if they have STDs.
  • Painful or swollen testicles could be another indicator of STDs in men.
  • Some of the other noticeable symptoms are sores, bumps, or rashes near the private parts like penis, anus and buttocks.

If you encounter such unusual symptoms, contact your doctor immediately. If the STDs are detected sooner. Their treatment too will be more effective.

Types Of STDs

The knowledge about sexually transmitted diseases is very less among people. There are several types of sexually transmitted diseases. Here we have listed the most commonly encountered ones:

1. Genital Herpes

Genital Herpes is one of the common STDs. They can occur in individuals of any age. There are two types of viruses, Herpes Simplex Virus Strain 1 (HSV-1) and Herpes Simplex Virus Strain 2 (HSV-2). HSV-2 primarily causes Genital Herpes. HSV-1 is usually responsible for oral herpes. It may also pass on genital Herpes to the partner during oral sex.

There is no cure for Genital Herpes yet. The intensity of the Genital Herpes and its painfulness reduces over time. The first time it occurs is the most painful. A mother may pass on genital herpes to the child in the womb if she suffers from this condition during pregnancy. This kind of herpes is referred to as congenital herpes. It can be quite dangerous for infants’ health.

2. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)

Human Papilloma Virus, commonly referred to as HPV, is responsible for HPV Infection. There are a variety of strains of this virus. Some strains of this virus tend to be more hazardous than the other strains. The most noticeable symptom of this virus is warts on the throat, mouth, or the genitals.

While most of the strains of this virus don’t harm much, some may cause cancer. Warts could result in oral cancer, penile cancer, vulvar cancer, and cervical cancer among others. Studies reveal the HPV16 and HPV18 are more dangerous than others.

3. HIV/AIDS

HIV (Human Immuno Virus) is one of the scariest virus names of our times. When a person is diagnosed with HIV Infection, he needs to be treated immediately. Once the condition advances to the stage of AIDS (Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome), it is incurable.

The early symptoms of HIV infection are often mistaken to be flu. Sore throat, headache, nausea, and rashes are some of the most common symptoms of this STD. Some individuals may also encounter non-specific symptoms like stomach issues, fever, recurrent fatigue, and headaches. It is possible to not have any symptoms of long after the initial phase. The person may be infected by HIV but may not even be aware of it.

True that there is no cure for HIV. Yet, detecting it at the early stage and providing treatment can help. It can allow an HIV infected person to live just as long as a non-infected person. The chances of transmitting the infection to your sexual partner are also greatly reduced. 

4. Chlamydia

Chlamydia is the most commonly reported STD among Americans. The condition is caused by a certain type of bacteria. The condition does not have any noticeable symptoms. At a later stage, the common symptoms of STDs may be visible in individuals.

It is necessary to take timely action and treat this condition. It may advance to other dangerous conditions if left untreated. Timely action needs to be taken in order to avoid infertility. Pelvic inflammatory disease or other genital infections. A pregnant mother may also pass on the condition to her child. In this case, the child may suffer from blindness, pneumonia, or eye infections.

5. Syphilis

Syphilis is a bacterial infection that goes practically unnoticed at the start. As the condition starts worsening, the patient may observe some symptoms like headaches, fatigue, rash, hair loss, fever, joint pain, and weight loss.

If you don’t treat this condition at an early stage, it may cause heart disease, mental illness, brain infection, loss of memory, and loss of vision among others. If detected at the right time. This condition can be cured easily by administering antibiotics.

6. Gonorrhea

This is also a common STD that may alternatively be referred to as ‘the clap’. In most cases, there is no real symptom of this health condition. If symptoms are present, they are the same as the most common STDs. 

It is necessary to treat this condition at the right time. If you allow the condition to advance, it may result in infertility. It can also result in pelvic inflammatory disease and infections related to the genitals.

Also Read: Best Practices For Preventing STDs

Types Of STDs: Conclusion

Most of the STDs can be treated. People need to be aware of these conditions. They need to be informed about the right time to seek a doctor’s advice. Timely action can help people lead healthy sex lives.