Obesity and its Effects on Sexual Health of Men and Women

obesity-effects-sexual-health

In this article, we will discuss about how obesity effects on sexual health of men and women.

Introduction

Obesity effects the sexual health of both men and women. Overweight males and females experience several health issues. So, obesity and sex does not go well. Obese people may face diabetes, hypertension, insomnia, hormonal disbalance. They can also suffer from high cholesterol, gallstones, depression, osteoarthritis, cancer, fatty liver, obstructive sleep apnea, and more

In this post we will discuss – detecting obesity, its effect on sex hormones, and impact on male and female sexual health.

How to Know If You Are Overweight?

You may feel the extra pounds on the body. But that is not the right assessment. You need to understand how many additional kilos you have. Does the flab put you at any health risk? Will it affect your sexual life? So, for these calculations, check the BMI (Body Mass Index).

  • To calculate your BMI, multiply the weight in pounds by 703
  • Divide your weight in Kgs by the height (in meters) squared, or
  • Divide it by height (in inches) squared

The calculation of Body Mass Index gives a proper estimate of body fat. If you are overweight, then the BMI is from 25 to 30. If you are obese, the BMI is 30 or more. But this estimate will not inform about the distribution of fat. But obesity and sex are at its worst when abdominal fat is more.

Another way to know if there is a risk – measure the waist at navel. Red flags are when men exceed 40 inches for waist circumference. For women, it is – 35 inches.

Obesity and Sex Hormones

Estrogen and testosterone are the reproductive hormones in women and men. For men, more testosterone gives – large muscles, strong bones, deep voice, and other masculinity factors. For women, more estrogen gives – slenderness, smooth skin, curviness, and other feminine factors.

  • Male Sex Hormone: Testosterone in men is important for beard growth, libido, sperm production, and male reproductive organs. After conversion to dihydrotestosterone, it helps the prostate to grow. This hormone is also responsible for puberty. But testosterone may drop as men age.
  • Female Sex Hormone: For females, oestrogen leads to reproductive cycle, menstrual cycle, soft voice, ovum production, and a lot more. Lack in balance of female sex hormones, gives rise to masculine qualities. Oestrogen may reduce with age, illnesses, certain medications, etc.

Male and female reproductive hormones may also reduce due to obesity. And this is not a good sign at all, especially for sexual health. Thus, overall weighing more than the optimum bodyweight, is a warning sign for everyone.

How Obesity Affects Men’s Sexual Health?

Here is how obesity effects on sexual health of men

1) Erectile Dysfunction

Hormonal disorder may cause erectile dysfunction (ED). But this is not it. The major cause of ED is obesity. Men with high amounts of abdominal fat do not get quality erections. Due to cardiovascular issues, the blood vessels get clogs. This causes poor blood circulation.

The penile muscles do not relax properly. Also, overweight men encounter lack of libido. It can also disrupt the testosterone levels. Treatment includes ED tablets, gels, etc. But you can manage obesity-linked erectile dysfunction with a proper diet and exercise.

2) Reproductive Function

Weighing more than normal can impair fertility. It can lead to low sperm count and motility. Thus, focusing on fitness is a must. Bringing down your weight to an adequate and safe one is mandatory. This will help you obstruct the ill effects of obesity and sex. You can then father children without facing hurdles.

3) Bladder Issues

Overweight men may develop kidney stones. They may find issues with urination. Those who weigh more often lose control on the bladder. The urge to urinate may increase, especially between sexual activities. This can interrupt the flow of events, create displeasure, and other unpleasantness.

4) Low PSA Levels and Prostate Cancer

When prostate gland enlarges, the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) rises. Obesity lowers PSA levels. And it may grow the prostate abnormally. This can turn dangerous and into prostate cancer. Men with higher BMIs are at a higher risk of lower PSA levels.

The reason for it is increased blood volume due to obesity. The prostate-specific antigen then dilutes in blood. Additional fat can alter sex hormones and metabolism. This impacts the growth of prostate cancer. Obesity is responsible for IGF 1 or insulin-like growth factor 1.

With obesity and sex, prostate cancer is a common fallout. It increases the cell multiplication abnormally. IGF-1 too increases in blood, and results in prostate or colon cancer, besides other issues,

5) Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

BPH or Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia is more common in aged males. This is also possible in men with obesity. This causes a bigger prostate and risk of cancer. It directly affects sexual health and life. Affected men experience restricted physical intimacy, impotence, and other problems.

How Obesity Affects a Woman’s Sexual Health?

Here is how obesity effects on sexual health of women

1) Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

This is a hormonal disorder. It directly affects the reproductive functions in women. It inflicts females who are of reproductive age. PCOS is a reason for excess androgen (male hormone) levels, prolonged or irregular menstrual periods, etc. One of the major causes of PCOS is obesity.

In this condition, several follicles (small collection of fluid) develop in the ovaries. Thus, the ovaries do not eggs regularly. Polycystic Ovarian Disorder can affect sexual health and fertility. It can bring down metabolism, cause type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and other issues.

2) Female Sexual Dysfunction

This brings a host of sexual disorders and dissatisfaction. Overweight women may encounter low sexual desire, irritation or pain during intercourse, lack of arousal, loss of sensation at erogenous zones at genitals, etc. They may even find it hard to orgasm. Or, may not feel stimulated enough. This is why obesity and sex may cause problems in intimacy for women.

3) Urinary Incontinence

Overweight females often face urinary incontinence. In this disorder, there is a loss of bladder control. Urine can leak without warning, even at slightest sneeze or cough. You may have a huge urge to visit the toilet suddenly. If your bladder does not empty properly, then a dribble of urine leaves behind.

4) Gestational Diabetes

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is a result of over weighing on scale. Obese women may encounter this problem during pregnancy. The doctor may suggest diet and insulin modification. It may also cause glucose intolerance. The condition may go away after childbirth.

However, it can raise the risk of type 2 diabetes later on in the child’s life. Some of the common symptoms are an increased urge to urinate, drinking more water as you feel thirstier, eating more than usual as you are hungrier, etc. For this reason, obesity and sex is something to not take lightly.

5) Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP)

In this disorder, the tissues and muscles supporting the uterus, rectum, or bladder, become loose or weak. As a result, the pelvic organs may press or drop out and into vagina. Dropped bladder and uterus are the most common. Rectum may also bulge into or out of here.

POP may lead to leaking stool and urine as well. This may happen to obese females. Some of the symptoms include – pelvic pressure during coughing or standing, ache or fullness in pelvis. Feeling as if something is bulging out of the vagina. Changing eating and lifestyle habits, pelvic floor exercises, etc may help.

To Conclude

Overweight men and women face several medical disorders. Negative impact on sexual health is just one of the outcomes. Thus, it is best to tackle obesity at the earliest. You must have a balanced diet, exercise regularly, remain fit, and follow a healthy lifestyle.

Now, people may put on extra weight due to certain illnesses and medications as well. In this case, have a word with your doctor. Consult and know how to manage obesity and sex for a better life.

Here are 10 easy to follow tips to naturally reduce weight in 3 weeks.