HPV Treatment: How To Get Rid Of HPV?

hpv treatment

In this article, we’ll discuss HPV treatment options.

What Is HPV?

HPV, also known as Human Papilloma Virus is an extremely common Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI). That can be transferred from person to person via skin contact. It has been reported worldwide that at least 60 percent of the world population. Will be diagnosed with HPV, if tested. The symptoms of HPV generally do not arise, in the event that they do, they form genital warts on and around the vagina, penis, anus, groins, and the scrotum.

These genital warts appear in the form of a bump, cluster of bumps, or stem-like protrusions. A part of these genital HPV infections does not cause any kind of health problems, some of them lead to the growth and development of ugly genital warts, whereas some can grow to more fatal problems such as the growth of cervical cancer, anal cancer, penile cancer, testicular cancer, and even throat cancer. 

HPV usually is taken care of by the immune system of the human body itself. The lucky people who had consumed a vaccine when younger, already possess the desired immunity required for fighting the Human Papilloma Virus. But in some moderately rare cases, the human body fails to restrict the harmful effects of HPV bacteria and leads to life-threatening cancerous conditions.

HPV can easily be spread through abrasions on the skin, however small it may seem to be. Even any form of sexual contact with a person leads to HPV, this occurs due to the exchange of saliva, sweat, and bodily fluids during anal or vaginal intercourse.

Although there is no globally acclaimed treatment option of HPV infection, there are some medicines and vaccines that when taken can act as an effective treatment process.

  • If you do not want to partake in the consumption of medicines then opt for disease management. Disease management is basically ensuring that you are hygienic in all your activities. Whether it is washing your hands before and after food. Using fresh towels or having protected sex irrespective of whether it is your real partner or not. Avoid sharing drinks and meals with people, neither does the other person know which of you are a victim of HPV. Taking such precautionary measures is effective in keeping HPV at bay.
  • Doctors may intervene in case of painful and big warts. Often genital warts look so untidy that they can be a turn off for your partner. This is when the doctor offers a form of treatment known as cryotherapy. Cryotherapy is an immediate form of treatment and assists in removing warts without consuming any long-term medications whether orally or topically. In cryotherapy, the doctor may choose any of the following steps: 

  1. Giving the patient a moderate dosage of anesthesia and then surgically burning warts off the skin.
  2. Surgically freezing warts to such an extent that it falls off.
  3. In some cases, the doctor may also opt to cut warts off genital organs or the groin. This completely depends on the structure and shape of the wart.
  • In case it is a grave situation where genital warts develop into cancer, there is an 80 percent chance that it can be treated. Provided you visit a cancer specialist in the early stages. This cancer specialist will deep dive into your medical records, run tests on your blood. Take notes of the type of cancer and keep you under observation initially to have an idea about how fast is the cancer spreading. 

Also Read: HPV FAQs

How To Treat HPV

Now we shall discuss a few forms of medications for HPV. As there is no permanent cure for this infection, there are a few alternative treatments that suppress the negative effects of HPV. While the body works on fighting the virus and flushing the bacteria out of the system completely. Keep reading to have a better idea about how to get rid of HPV completely or how to treat HPV at the least, by the consumption of the following medicines. 

1. Imiquimod

This is a topical form of medication and advocates the boosting of the immune system against the formation and development of genital warts. Imiquimod is to be taken 3 days in a week at the rate of one dose a day. Ideally, you must apply this cream at night as no smudging will occur and the best results can be obtained. In case you are indulging in any form of sexual interaction, be warned that the protective effect of condoms can be reduced due to the application of Imiquimod. This drug was approved by the FDA in 1997 and is sold under the brand name Aldara.

2. Podofilox 

This too is a topical form of medication, but it cannot be applied by brushing warts against the cream on your finger. One must use cotton while applying Podofilox. This cream functions by oozing into the upper layers of the skin and altering the abnormal changes in the cell. A composition that HPV brings about. Not only does this bring stability in cell growth on genitals but it also eradicates anogenital warts. It is an antimitotic drug that is obtained by chemical synthesization from specific plant families. Side effects of Podofilox can lead to itching, burning, inflammation, and redness on the area where the cream was applied.

Applying Podofilox twice a day for 3 days for a period of 4 to 8 weeks proves sufficient. Make sure you take a 4-day break after each 3-day cycle.

3. Trichloroacetic Acid (TCA)

This is an acidic and liquid form of medication that can cause fatal burns if not applied with caution. Thus, it can only be applied by a medical professional who has experience in the application of such acid reflux medicine. Trichloroacetic acid makes use of its acidic properties to break down the harmful protein. Present in warts and their abnormal cells. Once the protein is battered, genital warts fail to grow any larger and began to diminish in size. Eventually disappearing completely.

Once applied on the skin it must be allowed to dry out until white frost begins to form on the genital wart. Also, make sure you never directly apply TCA on your wounds. Your final solution should consist of 60 to 90 percent of TCA.

By now we should have understood that there is no treatment for Human Papilloma Virus itself; the body will put up its own fight and flush the virus out of the system. All the above-mentioned treatment methods are solutions to get rid of symptoms of HPV such as genital warts.

Due to over 100 active HPVs in different people, the type of HPV you are diagnosed with will decide your treatment plan. If you have no genital warts, then you will not be given any medication. If you do have genital warts, then you can be given any of the 3 types of medications mentioned above. But if you have cancer cells, then your only solution and final stop is a cancer specialist.