Ginkgo Biloba: Benefits, Side Effects, And Dosage

Ginkgo Biloba

In this article, we’ll discuss Ginkgo Biloba in detail.


Do you prefer investing your trust in herbal and organic medication rather than expensive modern and synthetic drugs with possibly long-term side effects? 

If you are considering herbal medication, it is advised to first gather all information about the same. As it isn’t a prescription, it depends on you to ensure you are following a safe consumption pattern.

Ginkgo Biloba is a promising cure for almost all body-related complications, including brain disorders, eye diseases, mental health, skin allergies, and so on.  Here’s a brief understanding of the herb. 

Ginkgo Biloba

1. Origin And Overview

Ginkgo Biloba, one of the oldest living herbal trees, is native to East Asia. It is now widely grown in some parts of the United States and Europe. It is believed to be the only surviving plant of early order and has been linked to several health benefits. Seeds and plant leaves of the herb have been in use in the form of traditional Chinese medication. 

Ginkgo is an herb that is used as a remedy for various medical conditions including anxiety, cognitive disorders like learning and problem solving, memory difficulties of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, PMS, vision problems, and so on. Leaf and seed excerpts of Ginkgo are also used in beauty products and food. Ginkgo is readily accessible in the form of tablets, fluids, and dried leaves (for teas). 

Let’s discuss the working mechanism of Ginkgo in detail. 

2. How Does It Work?

The most potent elements of Ginkgo are believed to have antioxidant potentials. This helps in fighting the harmful outcomes of free radicals, and also in refining and regulating blood flow which enables the lower body, brain, ears, and eyes to function better. 

In addition to that, the seeds of the herb have powerful components that help in eradicating fungal and bacterial impurities in the body. This proves beneficial in maintaining gut health and supporting individuals with sensitive stomach issues.

3. Benefits 

  • Ginkgo can reduce the symptoms of anxiety and depression with the help of its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory capacities.
  • Regular consumption of the herb can improve declining age-related problems such as Alzheimer’s disease that interfere with thinking disabilities (dementia). Ginkgo improves blood circulation to the brain, establishes strong neural connections, and enhances brain function. This, in turn, improves mental performance, focus memory power, and attention span in individuals.
  • Ginkgo helps in the treatment of various eye diseases. The improved blood flow to the optic nerve because of the herb reduces retinal collapse and also helps in producing color vision improvements for individuals with diabetic complications. 
  • Ginkgo is a traditional aid for headaches and migraines. Migraines and headaches are usually triggered due to excessive stress, decreased blood flow, or constricted blood vessels. The herb is equipped with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, the ability to dilate blood vessels, and can work effectively in the case of long-term migraine and headache troubles. 
  • Ginkgo helps in treating both, physical and psychological effects of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS). 
  • Ginkgo improves the symptoms of vertigo (dizziness) and balances hormonal disorders.
  • Movement disorders, caused by antipsychotic medicines can be treated by the intake of this herbal antioxidant. Added to the benefits discussed above, the herb also helps in the treatment of asthma, bronchitis, fatigue, and so on.
  • Drawback areas: The result of Ginkgo is inconsistent in areas such as aging problems, specific mental attributes, depression, severe vision and eye diseases, and some types of migraines and headaches. It is also said that the herb can affect various body systems and diseases, but more research and data is required on the topic. 

4. Dosage

There is no specific dose of Ginkgo medication, it varies based on the problem being cured. However, the suggested dose of the herb is 40 mg and can be anywhere from 120 to 600 mg. Most of the Ginkgo medication needs a minimum of four weeks of dosage for improvement of mental focus, memory, and concentration in individuals. Based on the health of the individual, single and multiple-doses trials are held and the more effective one is prescribed. 

Some known doses are:

  1. 80 mg or 160 mg for anxiety (dosage as recommended)
  2. 60-500 mg for Alzheimer’s disease (dosage as recommended)
  3. 40-100 mg for PMS (dosage as recommended), and so on. 

5. Side Effects

  • Individuals may face inconsequential side effects such as vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, restlessness, weakness, and so on. Some major side effects of the medication are heavy internal bleeding and discomfort, skin allergies and severe rashes, difficulty in breathing, attacks or seizures, shock, and weak pulse. 
  • Individuals taking drugs such as aspirin are at a higher risk of facing adverse effects after consuming the herb. 
  • It is also believed that the herb can amplify the bad effects of antidepressants. 
  • Individuals with medical conditions like diabetes and infertility are advised to not consume the herb, unless and until recommended by their doctors. 
  • The herb may also cause increased bleeding during any type of surgery, and even after. Thus it is advised to stop the dose two weeks before the scheduled surgery. 
  • Given the potential risks, Ginkgo is not advisable for consumption by children and pregnant women.  

6. Interactions

If an individual is on regular medication of any sort, it is important to understand its interaction with Ginkgo before starting its dosage. There are chances that it may combine with painkillers, anti-depressants, diabetes drugs, erectile dysfunction pills, liver-affecting drugs, and so on. These medicines consumed with Ginkgo may deteriorate the individual’s condition. 

Some drugs are altered and fragmented down by the liver, and if combined with Ginkgo, there may be an upsurge in the side effects of the drugs, or the medication may not perform its desired function. In the case of diabetes medication, Ginkgo could reduce or accelerate blood sugar levels in individuals with moderate or severe diabetic conditions.  


Although Ginkgo Biloba is said to be a potent antioxidant with anti-inflammatory qualities and the ability to improve blood circulation, it is still not completely proven that is it has a positive effect on the treatment for the diseases discussed above. Inconsistent data suggests that it may or may not perform as expected.

Herbal medications also have side effects, some more fatal than others, therefore, it is important to speak with a doctor or healthcare provider to get the personalized dosage for the problem faced by the individual. 

Nonetheless, the perks of consuming herbal medication far outweigh the perks of consuming the generic medication.