Testicular Cancer Facts And Treatment Options

Testicular cancer facts

In this article, we’ll discuss some common facts about testicular cancer as well as some treatment options.

What Is Testicular Cancer?

The testicles are male organs that produce the male sex hormone testosterone. Malignant tumor growth on the testicles is termed as testicular cancer. It is also known as ‘malignant neoplasm of the testis’. Testicular cancer is a rare condition, with instances being 1 in every 250 males. Although, Seminoma is the most common form of testicular cancer. Other types of testicular cancer include nonseminomas and stromal tumors. 

Unlike several cancers, testicular cancer is curable. It has an astonishing survival rate of 95%. The only precondition just like many cancers is an early diagnosis. Testicular cancer may affect one or both the testicles. Men belonging to the ages of 18 to 35 are more prone to testicular cancer. Although, this fact is not static. Testicular cancer can affect boys and men of any age. 

Testicular Cancer Facts

Testicular cancer is generally diagnosed by a physical examination. If your doctor finds any lumps on the testicles, he will prescribe you various tests. Although, you must bear in mind that testicular cancer may or may not exhibit lumps. 

1. Young Males Are the Most Affected with Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer cases form less than 1% of all cancer cases in men. However, it is one of the most common cancers in younger and middle-aged men. Then again, it is not confined to the ages of 20 to 35. Any male can experience testicular cancer. In the past few decades, cases of testicular cancer have risen. An analysis of this data revealed that this rise was particularly in cases of seminoma.

2. There Are Certain Types Of Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer has several forms, viz. seminoma, nonseminoma, and stromal tumor. Out of these three, seminoma and nonseminoma are the most common ones. Seminoma, in simple terms, is the abnormal growth of testicle cells. It is a germ cell cancer that originates in the testicles. Nonseminoma is another germ cell cancer that originates in the sperm cells. Seminoma is slow-forming cancer. On the other hand, nonseminoma is aggressively-developing cancer. However, both cancers can be easily treated.

3. Cryptorchidism Is a Major Risk Factor

Cryptorchidism is the condition of having an undescended testicle. The testicles develop in the abdomen. Several maternal health factors, genetics, and environmental factors contribute to this problem. In the majority of the cases, the testicle descends into place within a year post-birth. In rare cases, the condition needs surgery. It is also one of the major risk factors for testicular cancer.

4. Not All Patients May Show Symptoms

Different bodies respond differently to the same disease. The same applies to testicular cancer and other forms of cancer. Consequently, symptoms of testicular cancer may surface in some men. While in others, they may not. Medical professionals over the years have made a record of the most common symptoms that point towards skin cancer.

Some of them are as follows:

  • Swelling or lumps in the testicles
  • Growth of breasts or Gynecomastia
  • Mild pain in the lower abdomen region
  • Groin ache at random times
  • Lower backache along with shortness of breath
  • Bloody mucus can be an indication of developed testicular cancer

Testicular Cancer Treatment Options

Surgery is seen as a later treatment option in many illnesses and some cancers as well. However, it is the initial treatment in the case of testicular cancer. The procedure is known as orchiectomy. The cancerous testicle is removed from the body in an orchiectomy. Later on, patients are also required to undergo chemotherapy or radiotherapy. 

This is done to ensure that the body gets rid of any existing cancer cells. Patients are advised to keep a close watch on their health. Subsequently, they should look for any abnormal changes in or on the body.

1. Self Diagnosis

The testicular examination is a common and easy way to look for any knobs or lumps. Your testicles may be slightly asymmetrical, but that isn’t an issue. A testicular examination may also be performed by your physician. You might be familiar with testicular examinations due to annual health checkups. Familiarity with one’s physiology helps with proper medical diagnosis in the long run. Many cancer cases have been diagnosed only because men were aware of their bodily condition.

2. Testicular Lumps Can Be Non-cancerous

The majority of illnesses do not have specific symptoms. This is why it is always advised to visit a doctor for a proper diagnosis. Accordingly, lumps on the testicles may or may not be indicative of testicular cancer. Several medical conditions cause lumps in the testicles.

For instance, hydrocele, varicocele, and even cysts cause testicular lumps. Other times, a lump in the scrotum is mistaken for a testicular lump. No matter what the condition, such lumps should not be ignored. If you experience any such lumps, schedule an appointment with your doctor without any delay, 

3. Medical Procedures

Testicular cancer has one of the highest survival rates among all cancers. This cancer is completely curable, provided that it is diagnosed timely. 

  • Surgery: This is the most common form of treatment for testicular cancer. Orchiectomy is usually prescribed for patients with testicular cancer. Sometimes lymph node dissection is used to check for the spread of cancers in the abdominal region.
  • Radiotherapy: The use of radio beams to kill cancer cells.
  • Chemotherapy: In this procedure, potent drugs are used to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy also has adverse side effects like hair loss and a weakened immune system. 

Testicular Cancer Facts: Wrapping Up

Exact causes of testicular cancer are not yet known. If you or any of your loved ones are diagnosed with testicular cancer, do not stress as it is usually treatable. Likewise, people who are cured of this condition seldom report recurrence. If diagnosed timely, a simple surgery is enough to treat the condition. 

As for precautionary measures, get a testicular examination done at every annual health check-up. You should also be conscious of your anatomy. If you notice any abnormal changes in your testicles, see your doctor without any delays.