Must – Know Facts About Diabetes

Facts About Diabetes

Diabetes is an illness that affects millions of people across the globe. It corresponds to high blood sugar levels. Diabetes was a health condition that mainly affected adults. However, increasing obesity rates have resulted in many diabetics being children and young adults. Diabetes can be categorized into two, viz. Type 1 and Type 2.

Type 1 diabetes is a genetic disorder. Although sometimes, a virus may also trigger the syndrome. Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, is the most common form of diabetes. More than 90% of people suffering from diabetes have type 2 diabetes.

In type 1 diabetes, the immune system turns against the pancreas. This impairs its functioning and affects insulin production in the body. No cure exists for type 1 diabetes. One of the two things happens in type 2 diabetes. Either the body produces extremely low amounts of insulin, or it resists insulin. As insulin is responsible for the synthesis of sugar into glucose and fructose for energy, one has to regulate or treat this issue.

Here are some facts that you should know about diabetes:

Chronic Condition:

Diabetes is a chronic condition, which means it can last lifelong. There is no definite cure for diabetes, be it type 1 or type 2. The causes of type 1 diabetes are not yet completely known. The only thing we know about type 1 diabetes is that it is a genetic ailment. As for type 2 diabetes, it can be controlled, but not cured. Medications and long term lifestyle changes can keep your blood sugar levels in check.

Leads to Other Health Issues:

Diabetes can lead to an array of health problems like hypertension and erectile dysfunction. Conversely, hypertension can also increase your risk of type 2 diabetes. High levels of blood sugar can damage blood vessels, including those of the genital area. As a result, diabetics are also more likely to develop erectile dysfunction. 

It also increases the risk of cardiovascular issues like stroke and cardiac arrest. Diabetics are at an increased risk of kidney diseases. High blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels in kidneys. Diabetes can also increase your risk of neurological disorders such as Alzheimer’s. 

Stays Undiscovered:

You may not know that you are a diabetic for the better part of your life. The reason being diabetes does not exhibit any specific symptoms. This is the reason numerous instances of diabetes remain undiscovered. Symptoms like excessive thirst and fatigue are highly general and difficult to pinpoint. 

Over time, these transform into type 2 diabetes and the condition keeps on worsening. Consequently, it is particularly crucial to get tested. 

You Can Have Sweets:

If you are a diabetic, it does not mean that you cannot have sweets. Any carbohydrates you consume will affect your blood sugar levels. Hence, you need to carefully plan your meals to accommodate those sweet treats. For example, you can swap some of the bread or pasta on your plate to fit in that brownie. 

You should also be careful about alcohol. It has a high amount of carbohydrates and calories. Hence, consider the possibility of alcohol when eating something sweet. Do not fall into the trap of ‘sugar-free’ foods. It does not have sugar does not mean it is free of carbohydrates as well.

Emotional Imbalances:

Diabetes can loosen your control over emotions. Anger, depression, and anxiety are just some emotions caused by diabetes. Checking your blood sugar every few hours a day can become hectic sometimes. And if the levels are not as desired, it only adds to the anger and frustration. 

You may not realize it, but it is tough to monitor everything you eat. All of these make it normal for someone to be emotionally dejected. The people around diabetics need to know this. This helps to offer better support to their loved ones in times of need.

Adjustment to Diabetes takes Time:

Diabetes makes a lot of alterations to your lifestyle. It takes time to adjust to things like monitoring your diet and blood sugar levels. But, there is no need for you to feel dejected about it. Another factor is patience. You cannot adjust your blood sugar levels overnight. A lot of patience is required to do that. 

It is only with time that you learn how to check your blood sugar and properly administering an insulin shot. But once you get used to all of it, it becomes relatively easy for you to manage your diabetes.

Gestational Diabetes and Infants:

Gestational diabetes is specific to pregnant women. As per statistics, approximately 9%of all pregnant women experience this. However, it does not mean that your child will also have. Gestational diabetes is temporary and usually goes away after pregnancy ends. 

But, you should yet consult your doctor or obstetrician about it. Without proper medication, your child’s pancreas may produce more insulin. This excess insulin gets stored in the body in the form of fat. Thus, your baby is at risk of being overweight at birth. Overweight at birth can cause breathing issues and low blood glucose in infants. It can also increase the baby’s risk of having type 2 diabetes. 

Diabetes is becoming a Social Issue:

It would not be an understatement to say so. Diabetes has started to emerge as one of the most common lifestyle diseases worldwide. More and more people are being diagnosed with diabetes every day. A major chunk of this audience is today’s youth. Poor diets and sedentary lifestyles are the main reasons behind this. Diabetes kills millions of people each year, globally. The chief cause of this would be a lack of early diagnosis. As obesity cases increase, the number of diabetes patients is also bound to increase.

Diabetes can be a fatal health condition if not treated properly. Without appropriate treatment, diabetes increases your risks of other health conditions like stroke or kidney disease. Making good changes to your lifestyle can significantly reduce your chances of getting diabetes. These changes consist of daily exercise and a balanced diet. Even if you have diabetes, these changes will help you manage it more efficiently.