Male Vasectomy Procedure And Its Effect On Libido


What Is Vasectomy?

Vasectomy is a method of permanent contraception. It is a surgical procedure wherein the tubes that carry the sperm to the urethra (vasa deferentia) are severed and tied, or sealed, to eliminate the chances of fertilization. 

It turns out to have a lifelong impact, hence men who are about to undergo the procedure must be sure that they do not want any more children. The procedure takes about an hour, and the patient is discharged after being monitored for a few hours. The healing process post-vasectomy may take about two weeks or more, and the male could take around three months or more to be sterile, i.e. have a sperm count of zero.


Vasectomy is a wise choice when it comes to birth control because of a few unique attributes.

  • The only contraception with a 100% success rate
  • Cost-effective in the long run
  • Cheaper than female sterilization a.k.a. tube litigation
  • No effects on sexual performance and pleasure

Apprehensions about it have always stayed in the minds of men. However, all of them are misconceptions that stem due to the lack of knowledge. 

Male Vasectomy Procedure

After selecting the anesthetic of choice (local or general anesthesia), two incisions are made on the scrotum. Sometimes, the surgeon may opt for making a small hole in the scrotum to carry out the procedure instead of making incisions.

Through the incisions or the hole, as the case may be, the vasa deferentia i.e. the tubes that carry the sperm to the urethra are cut and tied. In some cases, they may be clipped. The incisions are then sealed with the help of stitches and the patient is made to expel the residual anesthetic via urine. 

1. Healing & Sterilization

The healing process lasts about 2 weeks on average, but for some men, it could be several weeks. Even after the procedure, the male still has some sperm in his testicles. He may need to ejaculate for approximately 10 times or so, for being completely sterile. After around 6-12 weeks post vasectomy, the doctor shall examine your semen and then let you know if you are sterile or not. Generally, the entire process of healing or sterilization takes about 3 months. 

2. Virility And Vigor

A man’s vigor and strength are a resultant of his testosterone levels. And yes, testosterone and semen both are produced in the testicles. The only difference is that testosterone is not transported to the urethra; rather it mixes into the bloodstream. So, a vasectomy will not affect your testosterone levels in any manner.

3. Sex Drive

This is a burning misconception among most men! “Will a vasectomy decrease my libido?” “I will be sterile that means I won’t be able to have sex!” Fortunately, none of these statements hold their water. It does not affect your libido or sex drive in any way. 

Yes, you read that right! Wondering how? Continue reading to find out.

The sex drive of a man is related to his testosterone and not his sperm. Both of them are two very different things in the male physiology. The only function of sperm is to fertilize an egg in the woman’s body whereas testosterone acts as the primary male hormone.

Testosterone supports many functions in a male, ranging from muscle growth and recovery to sex drive and hair growth. It only affects the production of sperm and not testosterone. Thus, your sex drive will remain unaffected even after a vasectomy.  

Some studies even show that it leads to an increase in sex drive in males, resulting in happier sex lives. The reason behind this is that post-vasectomy couples have no worries about unwanted pregnancies and contraceptives like condoms and pills. This increases the couple’s engagement in sex, hence boosting sex drive, resulting in a better sex life that also translates to a healthy relationship.

4. Erections

As far as erections are concerned, they are also not affected by vasectomy. A man experiences an erection because of being sexually aroused. Sexual arousal is governed by the brain and testosterone. There is no sperm involved in the process. Your testosterone levels increase when you are sexually aroused and the brain signals the erectile tissues in your penis to fill with blood, causing an erection.

5. Ejaculation And Orgasms

Vasectomy does not affect a man’s ejaculation and orgasm in any manner. A man can ejaculate normally even after undergoing a vasectomy. It happens so, as 95% of what a man ejaculates is generally semen. After the operation, since a man is sterile, his semen will not impregnate a woman. Even orgasms are mainly a psychological phenomenon that arises during sex, and there is no involvement of sperm in the process. Thus men can experience orgasms despite zero sperm reduction. The two attributes are independent of each other.

6. Post Vasectomy Precautions

  • If you have undergone a procedure, make sure you engage in any sexual activities only after letting the area of the surgery heal. Sex results in a lot of stress and contractions, which can cause swelling and pain in the operated area.
  • The first few ejaculations after it can be painful, but it will subside with time. For your safety, abstain from intercourse and masturbation. Resume only after the pain in your genital area has completely healed.
  • For the first couple of months after, it is advised to use birth control as you are not completely sterile.


Men today are still apprehensive about opting for a vasectomy, even though it is the only contraceptive method that is 100% effective. This is because there are many misconceptions regarding it and virility, vigor, and libido. 

It is thought that vasectomy reduces a man’s ‘manliness’, leading to a decline in his sex drive and making him incapable of getting erections and orgasms. However, all of these claims are baseless. There is no effect on a male’s sex drive post vasectomy. You will still be able to have an erection, ejaculate, and even experience an orgasm. 

These apprehensions surrounding it also call for increasing awareness regarding contraception methods among men of all ages.