11 Common Causes That Trigger Asthma

asthma causes

In this article, we’ll discuss some common causes that trigger asthma, it’s symptoms, and what you can do to prevent it.

What Is Asthma?

Asthma is a disease that affects the respiratory system of the human body. It is caused due to the narrowing of airways that carry oxygen, resulting in difficulty while breathing. Breathing is the most vital process for the sustenance of human life and such problems can make life an uneasy journey.

A person suffering from Asthma does not constantly face problems in breathing. This is because Asthma causes sudden attacks during which the patient suffers from breathlessness and chest tightening. 

The severity of the attack depends upon several factors like the duration the patient is suffering from asthma and the cause that triggered the attack. Although there are several causes for Asthma ranging from heredity to low immunity, mainly it is considered as a lifestyle disease that is caused due to the habits and routine a person follows.

Common Causes Of Asthma

  • Genetics: Studies show that the number of children affected by asthma is far more than adults suffering from it. And the main cause for it is considered genes. The chances of a child suffering from asthma whose parents or any relative suffering from it are much higher than that of a child who comes from a family where no one has ever suffered from Asthma.
  • Environmental factors: Factors such as air pollution, pollens, and the presence of agitators in the environment play a major role in causing and triggering breathing problems in a human. 
  • Hygiene: According to a popular take on causes of Asthma, the upbringing of a child in an excessively hygienic environment makes him too prone to fall for common bacteria, viruses, and other problem causing factors. Basically, extreme protection from external agents can make a person more prone to asthma.

What Triggers Asthma?

Apart from the factors that cause Asthma, there is a wide range of factors that trigger Asthma and leads a person toward an Asthma attack. Such factors include:

  • Severe weather conditions such as cold weather or humidity cause attacks among the sufferers.
  • Medical conditions like sinusitis, flu, etc. play a role as main triggers in asthmatic conditions.
  • Some medicines which are taken by a patient for some other health condition may pose a danger and trigger an asthma attack.
  • Lifestyle issues like smoking and drinking also cause asthma attacks as drinking excess alcohol leads to deterioration of the liver while smoking directly affects the bronchial tube. Smoking in an asthmatic condition can be fatal.
  • Similarly, second-hand smoking i.e., being near a person who is smoking also triggers breathing difficulty.
  • Asthma patients are prone to develop allergies against several natural elements like dust, grass, pollens, etc. Coming in contact with the allergens immediately triggers and worsens the respiratory condition.
  • Not only environmental elements but food items can also pose danger if the person has an allergy to a certain food item. The most common food allergens include peanuts, dry fruits, soy, etc.
  • Running, exercising, or severe physical activity also causes asthma attacks as the breathing rate is agitated during such activities. Asthma patients are prohibited to do such activities and are prescribed to do mild exercise and yoga.
  • Irritants such as fumes, air fresheners, perfumes are also capable of triggering attacks.
  • Some cases have shown that obesity may also trigger Asthma as excessive cholesterol hinders the oxygen supply to the heart, worsening the already poor breathing cycles.
  • Apart from these physical aspects, emotional factors such as stress, tension, anxiety are also responsible for causing an asthma attack. Crying and screaming can also lead to problems in breathing and chest pain.

Symptoms Of Asthma

  • Excessive coughing, especially at night, indicates that a person is maybe suffering from Asthma.
  • If a wheezing sound is made when you breathe along with difficulty in breathing it may point towards narrowed airways, which is an indicator of asthma.
  • Tightening of the chest while breathing is another indicator of Asthma.
  • Difficulty in drawing long breaths and always falling short of a complete breathe.
  • When a person faces excessive problems in exercising and suffers more than others in cases of flu or cold, it indicates that a person is suffering from Asthma.

Every patient doesn’t need to go through the same symptoms.

The severity and duration differ from person to person in the same way the triggers differ.

Also Read: Most Common Symptoms Of Asthma, Diagnosis, And Medications 


The proper cure for Asthma is yet to be discovered. This is why a patient needs to prevent certain triggering factors and take the medications prescribed by the doctor to avoid asthma attacks.

The tests for diagnosing asthma ranges from using a stethoscope to identifying wheezing noises to having X-rays done of the bronchial tube and lungs. Other tests include Spirometry and peak flow tests.

The treatment of asthma includes using inhalers and nebulizers along with medications prescribed by the doctor keeping in mind the severity of asthma. Inhalers are considered to be the most effective against Asthma attacks.

Preventive Measures You Can Take

  • Identifying your allergens and irritants and keeping a safe distance from them
  • Taking medicines on time and always keeping the inhaler handy
  • Avoiding any chances of catching flu or cold as they agitate Asthma
  • Using heaters and humidifiers to combat chilly weather
  • Avoiding any food that may pose a danger to your situation
  • Prohibiting smoking and alcohol and avoiding being anywhere near a smoker
  • Using air purifying masks when outside so that pollens, dust, and pollutants don’t enter your respiratory system
  • It is seen that caffeine can help open your airways, so it should be used in the diet along with other elements like Vitamin D and choline found in meat and fish
  • Undertaking Pranayama as a breathing exercise. It is witnessed that yoga can prevent and sometimes cure even complex diseases. Including yoga as a part of your lifestyle can be a healthy choice.

Wrap Up

No feeling is worse than that of choking and according to an Asthma patient, an Asthma attack feels like drowning in air. There is still no full-proof cure available for Asthma. Thus, the well-being of a patient suffering from Asthma is in his own hands and some can rely on the medications too.