Can Birth Control Lead To Weight Gain? – Side Effects & Comparison

Birth Control and Weight Gain

A common question that many women have is whether birth control can result in weight gain. Rumors about weight gain is what is keeping some women from choosing birth control option. Before running into conclusions, here is what the studies reveal:

Birth Control And Weight Gain

Why this rumor about birth control and weight gain?

The birth control pills available in the market have changed over the years. In the past, the combination pills contained very high levels of oestrogen and progestin. This could have resulted in slight weight gain due to hormonal fluctuations. Constant research is ongoing in the field of birth control.

Researchers come up with advanced pills with least side effects. There is no clear proof that birth control can result in weight gain. However, the rumor must have been spread due to rare cases from the obsolete pills. There is no true proof regarding this. However, the combination pills due state this as a possible side effect in some women.

Does birth control actually result in weight gain?

There is an undue focus on the body shape in today’s culture. This is the reason why even slight weight gain may upset women. If these women are using hormonal birth control, they may quickly build an association.

However, it is natural for the hormones to cause some change in the way the body functions. In the rare cases where women feel fat after having the pills, it could be due to increased water retention in the body.

Often these changes in the body shape are only temporary. There is no scientific research to prove completely that there is a connection between birth control and weight gain. The different birth control options available may have a different impact on the body.

How do different birth control options impact the body weight of the user?

There has been intensive research conducted to find out whether there is a connection between birth control and weight gain. Here is what the studies reveal:

Implant: There are no clear indications that implants as a birth control measure contribute to weight gain. 

Hormonal IUD: Studies reveal that hormonal IUDs do not cause any weight gain. However, these could be responsible for an increase in overall body fat. These studies have been conducted on certain types of hormonal IUDs and a general result cannot be declared.

The Shot: There are conflicting results regarding weight gain due to use of shot as a birth control measure. Some studies reveal that there has been considerable weight gain due to the shot. Others reveal there is no change in weight due to the use of shots for birth control. Thus, the results are inconclusive.

The Patch: Studies reveal minimal weight gain in birth control patch users.

The Pill: Weight gain due to birth control pills is minimal just as in case of birth control patches.

The Ring: Just as in case of the previous two birth control methods, weight gain is minimal in case of the ring as well.

How do you choose the best birth control option for yourself?

The above revelations make it clear that birth control pills don’t have the same effect on every user. That is why it is important to choose your birth control methods based on individual experience and priorities. Here are some factors to consider while selecting a birth control option:

Side Effects

While selecting a birth control method, you need to take side effects into account. If you are considering use of pills, make sure to check drug interactions. You may also check how the birth control method impacts your bodyweight, appetite and overall health. You may have to switch a couple of birth control measures before selecting the apt option.

Chances of Pregnancy

The reason we choose birth control measures is to prevent pregnancy. If this goal is not achieved, there is no use of the birth control method. It is important to check how effective the chosen birth control method is. You may compare the reviews and feedback about these products before selecting the best option. You may also seek your doctor’s advice for a better judgement regarding birth control.


Affordability is also an important factor while selecting the birth control option. You need to pick a birth control method that does not dig a deep hole in your pocket. Compare rates of the birth control options, how long these last and how they impact health while selecting.

Other common doubts regarding birth control cleared here:

People still have a lot of queries and doubts regarding birth control methods.

Here we hope to answer some of the common doubts:

Do all birth control options protect against STDs?

No. Only condoms can help to reduce the chances of STDs to some extent. Other birth control options do not protect against STDs. The sexually transmitted diseases are transmitted through anal, vaginal or oral sex from one partner to another. Many of the STDs do not even show any symptoms.

Are birth control measures 100% effective in preventing pregnancy?

No. None of the birth control methods are 100% effective in preventing the chance of pregnancy. Implants and IUDs are categorized as highly effective birth control methods. Female condoms are regarded as relatively less effective means of contraception. Male condoms show moderate effectiveness. They also protect against sexually transmitted diseases to some extent. You may have to check these options and see which is best for you.

What is the difference between Copper IUD and Hormonal IUD?

In copper IUDs, a T shaped IUD with copper at its edge is inserted into the vagina by the doctor or the medical professional. These provide protection against pregnancy by killing the sperms. Copper is toxic for the sperms. They can work effectively for 7-12 years based on the type of Copper IUD.

Hormonal IUD emits hormones into the body. They work similar to hormonal birth control pills. They may take upto 7 days to get activated. They protect against pregnancy for 3-5 years.

Now that all your doubts about birth control have been answered, you can choose the best alternative.