What Are The Best Treatment Options For Diabetes?

Which Are the Best Ways to Control or Cure Diabetes

In this article, we’ll discuss the best treatment options available for diabetes. Along with that, we’ll also talk about its types and remissions.

What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes is one of the most common conditions that affect people today. This condition has a direct impact on your body’s blood sugar levels, which often causes serious health problems. Now, you may have a question in your mind – is there a cure for diabetes?

The answer is – no, there is not a cure but diabetes can go in remission. The effects of diabetes can be controlled and kept in check as well. Your medical practitioner may suggest medications and lifestyle changes that will help manage your diabetes.

What Are the Types of Diabetes?

Let us now understand the types of diabetes that you may encounter:

  • Type 1 Diabetes: Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. It manifests when the body destroys the pancreatic cells responsible to produce insulin. It is the insulin that regulates the amount of glucose in the blood, irregular production of which will be detrimental for health. This is why; patients need to inject insulin in their bodies at regular intervals so to maintain an adequate body sugar level.
  • Type 2 Diabetes: Type 2 diabetes is more common in people. Here, the body faces a decreased sensitivity to insulin. So, it is unable to use insulin optimally. This type of condition needs to be monitored to be kept in check. Sometimes, the disorder can be reversed through a healthy diet, regular exercise, medications, etc.
  • Gestational Diabetes: This kind of condition affects during pregnancy, but may normalize after giving birth. Gestational diabetes may occur at any stage of pregnancy. However, more commonly it is observed during the second or the third trimester. If you are detected with this disorder, then the healthcare provider will try to bring your blood glucose level in control asking you to follow a few physical activities. He/she may also chart a diet plan for you.

Also Read: Difference Between Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes

Types Of Diabetes Remission

Below-mentioned are diabetes remission types:

  • Partial Remission: This is said to occur when the blood glucose level is lower than usual for more than a year, in the absence of medications.
  • Complete Remission: This is said to occur when the blood glucose level returns to normal at least once a year, in the absence of medicines.
  • Prolonged Remission: This is said to occur when the blood sugar level has been normal for a minimum of 5 years.

Diabetes Treatment Options

As discussed, there is no permanent cure for diabetes, but in the following article, we will discuss the medical treatments, lifestyle changes, and other therapies that can keep a check on diabetes and restrict its ill effects:

1. Insulin And Medicines

Taking insulin (which is a hormone) in Type 1 diabetes, along with other medications, form the part of the treatment procedure. Basically, diabetes medicines will control your blood glucose levels, and thus, any medications or therapies must be followed only upon the advice of a professional healthcare provider. You may be advised to take/administer insulin several times a day, even with meals. To administer insulin, you may have to use an insulin pump giving steady doses throughout the day. Or you may even use an insulin syringe, pen, port, inhaler, jet injector, etc.

Here is a chart explaining the types of insulin and how these work:

Type of Insulin

Time Taken to Work

Strongest Effect Duration

Lasting Duration

Rapid-acting

It gives action after 15 minutes

The peak time is at 1 hour

The action lasts for about 2 hours to 4 hours

Regular or short-acting

This acts in 30 minutes

It peaks at 2 hours to 3 hours

The lasting effect is for 3 hours to 6 hours

Intermediate-acting

It works after 2 to 4 hours of intake/injection

It peaks at about 4 to 12 hours

The effect lasts for 12 hours to 18 hours

Long-acting

It works after passing several hours of administration

There is no peak time

It can last 24 hours or longer

  • At times, you may require more than one type of diabetes medicine to control blood glucose. Oral diabetes medicines may be suggested with other treatment options.
  • Along with medicine, you ought to also make healthy food choices such as include a balanced diet, avoid junk and fatty food items, or edibles that are high in bad cholesterol, etc.
  • Exercising half an hour to 1 hour daily will also contribute to healthy living.

Possible Side Effects of Diabetes Medicines

The medicines for diabetes may cause a few side effects. These effects are uncommon and may not reflect on every patient. One of the most common side effects is hypoglycemia, which is also known as low blood glucose. To overcome this, follow your doctor’s suggestion on how to balance the medicines with physical activity and food, and you shall be fine. Other rarely occurring effects could be weight gain or upset stomach.

2. Lifestyle Changes and Therapies

Below-given are some of the lifestyle changes and therapies you can incorporate to take control of diabetes:

  • Exercise Regularly: If you are diabetic, then your doctor will definitely ask you to indulge in physical activities such as aerobics, Yoga, athletic sports, etc. Activities such as swimming, walking, jogging can also keep a check on the symptoms and cause of diabetes in you. Exercising regularly can in fact keep in check obesity-related diabetes.
  • Manage Your Diet: You must have had people advising you against eating sugary items in order to manage sugar levels in the blood. However, the truth extends to avoiding or reducing the intake of all types of carbohydrate-rich foods, such as potatoes, oily food items, rice, etc. As most of these items contain starch and high in sugar, these must be avoided. You can see a dietician work a perfect diet plan for diabetes management.
  • Reduce Stress: Many suffer from diabetes due to an increased amount of mental stress. It is the stress that disrupts the blood sugar levels, and to strike a balance in mental health, you need to work a way out to manage stress. Living a stress-free life can alleviate several health issues, including respite from the effects of diabetes.

3. Other Options for Diabetes Treatment

As known, diabetes cannot be eliminated completed by medicines or otherwise. However, apart from medicines and therapies,

Here are a few surgical and non-surgical treatment options to consider:

  • Pancreatic Islet Transplantation: Pancreatic islets in layman’s terms are cells’ clusters found in the pancreas, which make up the insulin hormone. As in Type 1 diabetes, the immune system of the body destroys these cells, pancreatic islet transplantation can come to the rescue and replace these destroyed islets with new ones so that the production of insulin resumes. However, this treatment is still being researched and available only for controlled-treatment groups.
  • Brickbat Surgery: Given diabetes, you may see a significant weight gain. If you wish to lose a large amount of body weight to maintain a normal blood glucose level, there is an option for bariatric surgery (weight-loss surgery) to help reduce obesity resulting from Type 2 diabetes.
  • Artificial Pancreas: In 2016, the FDA approved a hybrid closed-loop system for the artificial pancreas. It is a diabetes monitoring system, wherein your manual blood glucose testing method is replaced with the use of an insulin pump or shot. This single system can monitor blood glucose levels 24 x 7. This monitoring-device simultaneously provides insulin or a combination of glucagon hormone with insulin.

Also Read: Tips To Prevent Type 2 Diabetes

Final Words

For diabetes cure or management, it is important for you to stay de-stressed and relaxed. Also, additional support from friends and family members could certainly help in further improving the psychological balance of the mind and kill stress (which is also one of the factors leading to diabetes). Thus, as a diabetic patient, you can always lead a healthy and fulfilling life with proper diabetes medicines, diet plan, and an exercise regime.