9 Tips And Tricks To Lower Prostate Cancer Risk

Risk Of Prostate Cancer

Risk Of Prostate Cancer

In this article, we’ll discuss tips and tricks to lower Risk Of Prostate Cancer.

Introduction

Did you know that prostate cancer is among the top ten leading types of cancer in India? The five-year survival rate for this cancer is approximately 64% in India. It usually affects men above the age of 65. However, recent reports show an increase in cancer among the younger population as well.

The prostate refers to an organ in male bodies that is located under the bladder. It is responsible for producing semen for ejaculation and protecting the sperm.

The general belief among doctors is that men who might be prone to the development of prostate cancer must care for their overall health and put extreme emphasis on their dietary needs. 

While no proven strategies for the prevention of prostate cancer have emerged yet, there is a multitude of natural methods by which the risk of this cancer can be reduced. 

Here are a few strategies that can help minimize the risk of prostate cancer :

Have a healthy diet

Consume:

  • A diet that is rich in vitamins and minerals such as various kinds of fruits and vegetables. These help to reduce the risk of prostate cancer.
  • A diet that includes more red foods such as tomatoes, guavas, and watermelons among others. They contain an antioxidant known as lycopene, which is considered effective in reducing the risk of prostate cancer.
  • A diet that includes soy products such as tofu, soy milk, and miso, as well as foods like chickpeas and green tea. These are rich in isoflavones, which also lowers the risk of this cancer.
  • Start to drink coffee as it has proven to lower the risk of this cancer too.
  • Consume more fish as studies have shown that fish contains good fats, particularly omega-3 fatty acids. This acid is also present in walnuts and flax seeds.

Avoid

  • A diet that is rich in fats such as vegetable oil and whole eggs, as this could lead to a higher risk of cancer.
  • A diet that is rich in red meats and dairy products, as these could also heighten the risk of this cancer.
  • Avoid food rich in trans-fatty acids such as microwave popcorn and fried food, as this can clog the arteries surrounding the prostate.
  • Avoid foods rich in selenium and vitamin E, as these can increase the risk of prostate cancer in some people. Supplements containing these compounds must also be avoided.
  • A diet with high glycemic load, i.e. sugar, and carbohydrates, as they increase the risk of prostate cancer. The Dana-Farber Cancer Institute report stated that sugar may have the highest impact on the risk of various types of cancer, including prostate.
  • Avoid excessive amounts of calcium-rich food, as that can also lead to an increase in risk.

Maintain a healthy weight

  • Men who are obese, or have a body mass index (BMI) above 30 may have an increased risk of developing prostate cancer. It is important to maintain healthy body weight through a balanced diet and regular workout plans.

Exercise regularly

  • Several studies have shown that men that exercise regularly run a lower risk of prostate cancer. 
  • Exercise also contributes to weight loss and maintaining a healthy BMI. 
  • Engage in walking, running, cycling, and swimming for increased muscle mass and better metabolism. 

Give up smoking and alcohol

  • This is an obvious pointer. People who smoke are more likely to die of the disease than people who don’t. Not only the arteries to the prostate but also to other body parts get clogged and lead to abnormal blood pressure.
  • Smoking does not necessarily increase the risk of prostate cancer. However, if a person does develop this cancer, smoking can increase the risk of that person dying. 
  • While giving up alcohol is considered ideal, it can still be consumed in moderate amounts to avoid any relation with the development of prostate cancer.

Frequent Ejaculation

  • This might seem a little out of the blue, however frequent ejaculation can help greatly to reduce the risk of prostate cancer. This gives way to ridding the cancer cells from your prostate gland.
  • Since prostate cancer thrives on dihydrotestosterone (DHT), many studies show that lowering these levels through ejaculation can lead to a lower risk of prostate cancer. 
  • Ejaculating at least 21 times a month significantly reduces the risk of prostate cancer, according to a study conducted by Harvard Medical School among others. This could be because of the reduction in stress or better cell metabolism.

Reduce stress

  • Reduce workload and levels of stress at home and work. This will lead to longer life expectancy and reduce the risks of prostate cancer. 
  • There are several methods to do this, such as meditation and engaging in attention-altering hobbies like playing an instrument, reading, or drawing.

Get tested

  • Attend regular check-ups and screenings to eradicate the risk of prostate cancer going undetected. 
  • Get a timely prostate-specific antigen test (PSA test). This looks for a protein secreted by both cancerous and non-cancerous tissues in the prostate.

Medicines

  • 5-alpha reductase is an enzyme that changes testosterone in the body to DHT, the primary hormone that causes the prostate to grow. 
  • Drugs like finasteride and dutasteride block these enzymes from making DHT, which leads to a lower risk of developing prostate cancer, by approximately 25%.
  • However, if a person develops cancer while on these drugs, it can affect him more aggressively. Thus, both benefits and risks must be taken into account before consuming these cancer medicines.

Increase the intake of vitamin D

  • Increasing the intake of vitamin D can also prove to be beneficial in reducing the prostate cancer. 
  • Foods rich in Vitamin D like cod-liver oil, wild salmon, and dried shitake mushrooms can be beneficial in this regard. 
  • An easier way to increase vitamin D in the body is exposed to the sun. Several experts recommend getting at least 10 minutes of sun exposure every day, without sunscreen. 
  • Vitamin D supplements can also be consumed, but only under the guidance of a medical professional.

Conclusion

The development of prostate cancer can be based on several factors. It is often called a “disease of aging,” because the older a person gets, the higher their risk of attaining prostate cancer.

Race and genetics also play a huge role, as African Americans have double the risk of developing this cancer than other American men. Cancer can be passed through genes too as they are hereditarily transferable. 

While several factors beyond a person’s control can lead to the development of prostate cancer, taking precautions through the above-mentioned natural methods can help significantly lower the risk.